August 10, 2022

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How you can set up Linux purposes from the command line

Linux just isn’t almost as troublesome as you suppose. Actually, Linux has change into one of many best to make use of desktop and server working methods on the planet. How is that attainable? For one factor, trendy Linux distributions make it so that you simply by no means want to the touch the command line interface. That’s proper, you are able to do every part you want in a GUI with only a few clicks – similar to you do with macOS and Home windows. It’s very easy.

And when you can actually do every part from inside well-designed GUI instruments, there could come a time while you want (or simply need) to make use of the terminal. Such a case can occur if in case you have deployed Linux as a server with no desktop surroundings. It’s possible you’ll need to have a Linux server on your property LAN to deploy every part, together with internet servers, file servers, media streaming platforms, and extra. As soon as there, you’ll must know learn how to set up purposes from the command line.

For instance, you need to set up the Nextcloud cloud-based content material administration and collaboration platform. Or perhaps you need to construct a whole web site from scratch and serve it by way of the Apache internet server. It’s possible you’ll even need to have a full LAMP (Linux Apache MySQL PHP) stack in your server.

No matter why, you’ll must know learn how to set up these apps from the CLI (command line interface). I’ll present you the way. Check out our LAMP stack instance to reveal how to do that on Ubuntu, AlmaLinux, Arch Linux, and openSUSE (will embrace most distributions).

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Prepared? Let’s go.

Set up LAMP stack on Ubuntu-based distributions

Our first demonstration will likely be on a user-friendly Ubuntu distribution. Ubuntu makes use of the APT (Superior Packaging Software) package deal supervisor and makes putting in a full LAMP stack extraordinarily straightforward. The fundamental APT settings appear to be this:

sudo apt set up PACKAGENAME -y

The place PACKAGENAME is the title of the software program you need to set up. Earlier than working the set up, chances are you’ll need to replace APT first with:

With APT up to date, you might be prepared to put in the LAMP stack. One of many helpful methods with Ubuntu and the LAMP stack is you could set up all of it with one easy command, which is:

sudo apt set up lamp-server ^ -y

In case you don’t need to go that route, you may set up the packages individually. First set up the Apache internet server with:

sudo apt set up apache2 -y

Subsequent, set up the MySQL database server with:

sudo apt set up mysql-server -y

You’ll then set up the newest PHP model with:

sudo apt set up php8.1-fpm php8.1 libapache2-mod-php8.1 php8.1-common php8.1-mysql php8.1-xml php8.1-xmlrpc php8.1-curl php8.1-gd php8. 1-imageick php8.1-cli php8.1-imap php8.1-mbstring php8.1-opcache php8.1-soap php8.1-zip php8.1-intl php8.1-bcmath unzip -y

After all, you may select to do all of it with the one-line command proven above.

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Set up LAMP stack on AlmaLinux

AlmaLinx is a distribution based mostly on Crimson Hat Enterprise Linux, and the set up course of requires you to put in every package deal individually.

First, set up the online server with:

sudo dnf set up httpd -y

Subsequent, set up the MySQL database server with:

sudo dnf set up mysql-server mysql -y

Lastly, you put in PHP with:

Set up LAMP Stack on Arch Linux

Arch Linux is nearly as user-friendly as Ubuntu or AlmaLinux. Arch Linux makes use of the pacman package deal supervisor and should first be up to date with:

As soon as up to date, set up Apache with:

Subsequent, set up the MySQL database server with:

Lastly, set up PHP with:

sudo pacman -S php php-apache

The choices used above are:

Set up LAMP server on openSUSE

Lastly, we are going to set up the LAMP server on openSUSE, utilizing the zypper package deal supervisor. Replace zypper with:

Set up Apache on openSUSE with:

sudo zypper set up apache2

Set up the MariaDB database with:

sudo zypper set up mariadb mariadb-client mariadb-tools

Set up PHP7 with:

sudo zypper set up php7 php7-mysql apache2-mod_php7

Common

Excluding Arch Linux, software program set up is normally dealt with as follows:

sudo PACKAGEMANAGER set up SOFTWARE

The place PACKAGEMANAGER is the package deal supervisor utilized by the distribution and SOFTWARE is the title of the software program to be put in.

The identical is true for eradicating software program, as in:

Once more, the place PACKAGEMANAGER is the package deal supervisor utilized by the distribution and SOFTWARE is the title of the software program to be put in.

As an example this higher, you may set up the Firefox internet browser on every platform as follows:

  • Ubuntu – sudo apt set up firefox -y

  • AlmaLinux – sudo dnf set up firefox -y

  • openSUSE – sudo zypper firefox -y

After all, with Arch Linux, that command could be:

sudo pacman -S firefox -y

And that’s actually the fundamentals of putting in software program from the Linux command line. It’s truly really easy that anybody who can kind can set up software program from the Linux command line.